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Background: Iran has faced the most brutal crackdown in its recent history, initially with a drop in gasoline subsidies and an increase of up to 300%, in a paralyzing global economic context and high inflation, offset by widespread demonstrations and riots and subsequently by repression with between 300 and 1,500 people killed and more than 8,000 arrests.
The protests that have broken out across Iran since November 15, 2019 constitute the second cycle of nationwide protests in Iran in the past two years.
The Islamic Republic needs revenues from the increase in the price of gasoline to make up for its budget deficit, but which is also part of a macroeconomic and structural program of the State to eliminate subsidies, liberalize prices, apply economic adjustments and privatize previously public services such as education and health.
Years of economic mismanagement, corruption and the effects of US sanctions on Iran’s economy are having an impact on the lives of Iranians and are the main driver of the protests today.
As with the 2018 protests in Iran, economic concerns over rising prices are leading to political demands, with slogans such as "Death to the Islamic Republic", "Death to Khamenei", "Oil review is missing, it is spent in Basijis "," The mullahs are lost "," Khamenei is lost "and" We will fight, we will die, we will take back Iran ".
This tendency of slogans chanted in demonstrations to become more and more political has been common in recent years in Iran, where economic and working conditions demands have been politicized.
The movement in Iran is expected to continue after the ongoing protests against gasoline prices, with union structures linking the widespread protests of 2018 to those of 2019 and which are likely to continue.
This, together with the most recent events at the start of 2020 call for a return to the socio-political contradictions of contemporary Iran capable of supporting reflections and analyzes.
- Morad Farhadpour (Porsesh Institute / Thesis 11): Uprisings: Sociopolitical contradictions in contemporary Iran from the point of view of its history
- Amir Kianpour (LLCP-Paris 8)